gender


gender
gender
gender1 [jen′dər]
n.
[ME < OFr gendre, with unhistoric -d- < L genus (gen. generis), descent, origin, transl. Gr genos, race, class, sex: see GENUS]
1. Gram.
a) the formal classification by which nouns are grouped and inflected, or changed in form, so as to reflect certain syntactic relationships: pronouns, modifiers, and verbs may also be so inflected: although gender is not a formal feature of English, some nouns and the third person singular pronouns are distinguished according to sex or the lack of sex (Ex.: man or he, masculine gender; woman or she, feminine gender; door or it, neuter gender): in most Indo-European languages, as well as in many others, gender is not necessarily correlated with sex
b) any one of such groupings, or an inflectional form showing membership in such a group
2. the fact or condition of being a male or a female human being, esp. with regard to how this affects or determines a person's self-image, social status, goals, etc.
gender2 [jen′dər]
vt., vi.
archaic var. of
ENGENDER

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • gender — гендер …   Термины гендерных исследований

  • gender — 1. Since the 14c the word has been primarily a grammatical term denoting groups of nouns in terms of their being masculine, feminine, or neuter. In the earliest form of English (Old English or Anglo Saxon, c. 740 to 1066), nouns fell into three… …   Modern English usage

  • Gender — Gen der (j[e^]n d[ e]r), n. [OF. genre, gendre (with excrescent d.), F.genre, fr. L. genus, generis, birth, descent, race, kind, gender, fr. the root of genere, gignere, to beget, in pass., to be born, akin to E. kin. See {Kin}, and cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — gen‧der [ˈdʒendə ǁ ər] noun [countable, uncountable] HUMAN RESOURCES the fact of being male or female: • Discrimination on the grounds of sex, race or gender is illegal. * * * gender UK US /ˈdʒendər/ noun [U] ► the condition of being either male… …   Financial and business terms

  • gender — ► NOUN 1) Grammar a class (usually masculine, feminine, common, or neuter) into which nouns and pronouns are placed in some languages. 2) the state of being male or female (with reference to social or cultural differences). 3) the members of one… …   English terms dictionary

  • Gender — Gen der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gendered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gendering}.] [OF. gendrer, fr. L. generare. See {Gender}, n.] To beget; to engender. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — [n] grammatical rules applying to nouns that connote sex or animateness common, feminine, gender specific, masculine, neuter; concept 408 …   New thesaurus

  • Gender — Gen der, v. i. To copulate; to breed. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gender — gender. sex (cм.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • gender — gender. См. пол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.